(a) Persons liable for payment
The taxes on wine provided for in this subpart shall be paid—
(1) Bonded wine cellars
In the case of wines removed from any bonded wine cellar, by the proprietor of such bonded wine cellar; except that—
(A) in the case of any transfer of wine in bond as authorized under the provisions of section 5362(b), the liability for payment of the tax shall become the liability of the transferee from the time of removal of the wine from the transferor's premises, and the transferor shall thereupon be relieved of such liability; and
(B) in the case of any wine withdrawn by a person other than such proprietor without payment of tax as authorized under the provisions of section 5362(c), the liability for payment of the tax shall become the liability of such person from the time of the removal of the wine from the bonded wine cellar, and such proprietor shall thereupon be relieved of such liability.
(2) Foreign wine
In the case of foreign wines which are not transferred to a bonded wine cellar free of tax under section 5364, by the importer thereof.
(3) Other wines
Immediately, in the case of any wine produced, imported, received, removed, or possessed otherwise than as authorized by law, by any person producing, importing, receiving, removing, or possessing such wine; and all such persons shall be jointly and severally liable for such tax with each other as well as with any proprietor, transferee, or importer who may be liable for the tax under this subsection.
(b) Payment of tax
The taxes on wines shall be paid in accordance with section 5061.
PRIOR PROVISIONS A prior section 5043, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 610, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.AMENDMENTS 1998—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–206 inserted "which are not transferred to a bonded wine cellar free of tax under section 5364" after "foreign wines". 1979—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 96–39 struck out "between bonded wine cellars" after "transfer of wine in bond". 1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted "The taxes" for "Except as provided in subsection (a)(3), the taxes".EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates (see section 1422(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 set out as an Effective Date note under section 5364 of this title), see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title. EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39 effective Jan. 1, 1980, see section 810 of Pub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title. EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1976 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1905(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 5005 of this title.
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