(1) environmental performance to meet United States Federal and international standards and guidelines, including—
(A) reducing air emissions, water emissions, or other ship discharges;
(B) increasing fuel economy or the use of alternative fuels and alternative energy (including the use of shore power); or
(C) controlling aquatic invasive species; or
(D) reducing propeller cavitation; and
(2) the efficiency and safety of domestic maritime industries.
(1) activities that are associated with the development or approval of validation and testing regimes; and
(2) certification or validation of emerging technologies or practices that demonstrate significant environmental or other benefits to domestic maritime industries.
2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283 substituted "maritime transportation" for "marine transportation".
2019—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–92, §3503(1), substituted "The Secretary of Transportation, acting through the Maritime Administrator, shall engage in the study" for "The Secretary of Transportation may engage in the environmental study".
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–92, §3503(2), in introductory provisions of par. (1), substituted "shall identify, study, evaluate, test, demonstrate, or improve emerging marine technologies and practices to improve—" for "may—" and "environmental performance to meet United States Federal and international standards and guidelines, including—" for "(1) identify, study, evaluate, test, demonstrate, or improve emerging marine technologies and practices that are likely to achieve environmental improvements by—", in subpar. (C) of par. (1), substituted "species; or" for "species; and", added subpar. (D) of par. (1), and, in par. (2), substituted "the efficiency and safety of domestic maritime industries." for "coordinate with the Environmental Protection Agency, the Coast Guard, and other Federal, State, local, or tribal agencies, as appropriate."
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 116–92, §3503(3), substituted "or other benefits to domestic maritime industries" for "benefits".
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–92, §3503(4), added subsec. (e).
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