(A) the agreement is not detrimental to the United States space launch industry; and
(B) the agreement, including any indirect technical benefit that could be derived from the agreement, will not improve the missile or space launch capabilities of the People's Republic of China.
(A) more than 50 percent owned by United States nationals; or
(B) a subsidiary of a foreign company and the Secretary of Commerce finds that—
(i) such subsidiary has in the past evidenced a substantial commitment to the United States market through—
(I) investments in the United States in long-term research, development, and manufacturing (including the manufacture of major components and subassemblies); and
(II) significant contributions to employment in the United States; and
(ii) the country or countries in which such foreign company is incorporated or organized, and, if appropriate, in which it principally conducts its business, affords reciprocal treatment to companies described in subparagraph (A) comparable to that afforded to such foreign company's subsidiary in the United States, as evidenced by—
(I) providing comparable opportunities for companies described in subparagraph (A) to participate in Government sponsored research and development similar to that authorized under this section, section 30307, 30308, 30309, or 30702 of this title, or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–391, 114 Stat. 1577);
(II) providing no barriers to companies described in subparagraph (A) with respect to local investment opportunities that are not provided to foreign companies in the United States; and
(III) providing adequate and effective protection for the intellectual property rights of companies described in subparagraph (A).
(A)(i) reduces the cost of undertaking missions the United States Government would pursue unilaterally;
(ii) enables the United States to pursue missions that it could not otherwise afford to pursue unilaterally; or
(iii) enhances United States capabilities to use and develop space for the benefit of United States citizens;
(B) is undertaken in a manner that is sensitive to the desire of United States commercial providers to develop or explore space commercially;
(C) is consistent with the need for Federal agencies to use space to complete their missions; and
(D) is carried out in a manner consistent with United States export control laws.
|Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|30701(a)||42 U.S.C. 2475a(a).||Pub. L. 106–391, title I, §126, Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1585.|
|30701(b)(2)||42 U.S.C. 2475a(b).|
In subsection (b)(1), the definition of "United States commercial provider" is added to carry forward the appropriate definition from section 3 of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–391, 114 Stat. 1580).
In subsection (b)(3), the description of national interests of the United States is added to carry forward the appropriate description of national interests of the United States from section 2(6) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–391, 114 Stat. 1578).Limitation on International Agreements Concerning Outer Space Activities
"(1) the President shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives], the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate a certification that such agreement has no legally-binding effect or basis for limiting the activities of the United States in outer space; and
"(2) the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of National Intelligence shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees a certification that such agreement will be equitable, enhance national security, and have no militarily significant impact on the ability of the United States to conduct military or intelligence activities in space.
"(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
"(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate."
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2000, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(B)(ii)(I), is Pub. L. 106–391, Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1577. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
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