§ 20200. SWRCB - Applicability and Classification Criteria. (C15: s2520)
(a) Concept - This article contains a waste classification system which applies to solid wastes that cannot be discharged directly or indirectly to waters of the state and which therefore must be discharged to waste management units (Units) for treatment, storage, or disposal in accordance with the requirements of this division. Wastes which can be discharged directly or indirectly (e.g., by percolation) to waters of the state under effluent or concentration limits that implement applicable water quality control plans (e.g., municipal or industrial effluent or process wastewater) are not subject to the SWRCB-promulgated provisions of this division. This waste classification system shall provide the basis for determining which wastes may be discharged at each class of Unit. Waste classifications are based on an assessment of the potential risk of water quality degradation associated with each category of waste.
(1) The waste classifications in this article shall determine where the waste can be discharged unless the waste does not consist of or contain municipal solid waste (MSW) and the discharger establishes to the satisfaction of the RWQCB that a particular waste constituent or combination of constituents presents a lower risk of water quality degradation than indicated by classification according to this article.
(2) Discharges of wastes identified in s20210 or s20220 of this article shall be permitted only at Units which have been approved and classified by the RWQCB in accordance with the criteria established in Article 3 of this subchapter, and for which WDRs have been prescribed or waived pursuant to Article 4, Subchapter 3, Chapter 4 of this subdivision (s21710 et seq.). Table 2.1 (of this article) presents a summary of discharge options for each waste category.
(b) Dedicated Units/Cells For Certain Wastes -The following wastes shall be discharged only at dedicated Units [or dedicated landfill cells (e.g., ash monofill cell)] which are designed and constructed to contain such wastes:
(1) wastes which cause corrosion or decay, or otherwise reduce or impair the integrity of containment structures;
(2) wastes which, if mixed or commingled with other wastes can produce a violent reaction (including heat, pressure, fire or explosion), can produce toxic byproducts, or can produce any reaction product(s) which:
(A) requires a higher level of containment;
(B) is a restricted waste; or
(C) impairs the integrity of containment structures.
(c) Waste Characterization -Dischargers shall be responsible for accurate characterization of wastes, including determinations of whether or not wastes will be compatible with containment features and other wastes at a Unit under ¶(b), and whether or not wastes are required to be managed as hazardous wastes under Chapter 11 of Division 4.5 of Title 22 of this code.
(d) Management of Liquids at Landfills and Waste Piles -The following requirements apply to discharges of liquids at Class II waste piles and at Class II and Class III landfills, except as otherwise required for MSW landfills by more-stringent state and federal requirements under SWRCB Resolution No. 93-62 section 2908 of Title 23 of this Code (see 40CFR258.28) [Note: see also definitions of "leachate" and "landfill gas condensate" in s20164]:
(2) wastes containing free liquids shall not be discharged to a Class II waste pile. Any waste that contains liquid in excess of the moisture-holding capacity of the waste in the Class II landfill, or which contains liquid in excess of the moisture-holding capacity as a result of waste management operations, compaction, or settlement shall only be discharged to a surface impoundment or to another Unit with containment features equivalent to a surface impoundment; and
(3) liquids or semi-solid waste (i.e., waste containing less than 50 percent solids, by weight), other than dewatered sewage or water treatment sludge as described in s20220(c), shall not be discharged to Class III landfills. Exceptions may be granted by the RWQCB if the discharger can demonstrate that such discharge will not exceed the moisture-holding capacity of the landfill, either initially or as a result of waste management operations, compaction, or settlement, so long as such discharge is not otherwise prohibited by applicable state or federal requirements.(1. New subchapter 2, article 2 (section 20200-20230) and section filed 6-18-97; operative 7-18-97 (Register 97, No. 25).)
Note: Authority cited: Section 1058, Water Code. Reference: Section 13172, Water Code; and Section 43103, Public Resources Code.
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