§ 20375. SWRCB - Special Requirements for Surface Impoundments. (C15: s2548)
(a) Freeboard -Surface impoundments shall have sufficient freeboard to accommodate seasonal precipitation and the design storm specified in Table 4.1 of this article, but in no case less than 2 feet (measured vertically, from the water surface up to the point on the surrounding lined berm, or dike, having the lowest elevation), and shall be designed and constructed to prevent overtopping as a result of wind conditions likely to accompany such precipitation conditions. The RWQCB can allow a freeboard of less than 2 feet at surface impoundments located on the interior portions of a waste management facility where: 1) these interiormost impoundments are designed such that potential overflows would be reliably conveyed by gravity flow and discharged to other surface impoundments having adequate capacity to receive such diversion without exceeding their respective freeboard limitations; 2) the operation implements a properly developed water balance plan; and 3) the facility is provided with a fail-safe emergency retention area solely for the purpose of containing wastes due to surface impoundment failures.
(b) Operation Plan -An operation plan shall be submitted to the RWQCB which will provide operation levels and waste input quantities permitted each month based on anticipated precipitation and on past precipitation conditions for the year.
(c) Fail-Safe -Direct pipeline discharge to surface impoundments shall be either equipped with devices or shall have fail-safe operating procedures to prevent overfilling. Discharges shall be stopped in the event of any containment system failure which causes a threat to water quality.
(d) Unauthorized Discharges -There shall be no discharge from a surface impoundment except as authorized by WDRs.
(e) Scour Protection -Surface impoundments shall be designed and constructed to prevent scouring of containment structures at points of discharge into the impoundments and by wave action at the waterline.
(f) Liner Inspections -All visible portions of synthetic liners shall be inspected weekly until all free liquid is removed from the surface impoundment as part of closure pursuant to s21400(a). If, during the active life of the impoundment, the wastes are removed and the bottom of the impoundment is cleaned down to the liner, an inspection shall be made of the bottom of the liner prior to refilling of the impoundment.(1. New section filed 6-18-97; operative 7-18-97 (Register 97, No. 25).)
Note: Authority cited: Section 1058, Water Code. Reference: Sections 13172 and 13360, Water Code; and Section 43103, Public Resources Code.
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